HOLOCAUST(greek-english): killing of a great number of people,
especially of Jews
during the time of National Socialism
ETHNOCIDE(greek-latin): willingly organized extermination of the
cultural identity of people
of a certain ethnic
origin by forced assimilation of the culture of the rulers
GENOCIDE(greek): organized mass-extermination of national or ethnic or
genocide and discrimination of the original australian inhabitants
At the end of the 18th century, european settlers began to colonize
Australia. They saw the country as "Terra Nullius",(no man´s land), and
the aborigines as a race of primitive nomads becoming extinct. They
referred to them as "wild animals", "vermin", "barely human", "horror for
mankind", "disgusting", and "a nuisance", so they were soon declared as
fair game for the white hunters.
At first they were pushed with force to the inhospitable
parts of the country, so that their economic living-conditions worsened.
In 1806 the killing began in great measures. Women were raped, tortured
and poisoned, children seperated from their parents, men were shot.
In 1824 the settlers got the official permission to shoot Aborigines
In 1828 the governor announced the conventions of war. Militant groups of
settlers got organized for the arresting and killing of Aborigines. Guard
troops avenged the acts of retaliation of the Aborigines through
mass-killings of men, women and children. Rewards were offered all over
the country for the killing of Aborigines, and the men of the high society
arranged battues as sports and entertainment.
Between 1803 and 1825 almost the entire tasmanians had been killed by the
colonists, one of the most brutal chapters in the history of european
Between 1824 and 1908 -10.000 Aborigines were killed in the colony
In the Kimberly-region many killings remained unknown. Only the infamous
massacre at Forest River in 1926 aroused so much public indignation, that
the worst excesses of brutality were stopped.
The british colonization of Australia almost led to the complete
extinction of the Aborigines.
The submission and wiping out of the Aborigines were ideologically
legitimized through racistic and socialdarwinistic theories. This genocide
resulted of politics, that all australian governments from the days of the
early settlers in 1718 to this very day justified and implemented. To the
physical destruction was added the destruction of cultural identity,
because without access to the sacred places of their dreamtime-mythology,
the philosophy of the Aborigines, that is based on continuous ritual
renewal, dies, without any compareable replacement.
The loss of their bearings and meaning of life manifests itself
in the high rate of imprisonment, unemployment and drugabuse amongst
discrimination and the defining of Aborigines into and out of society still
has not stopped.
1961 The Aborigines receive the right to vote.
1967 The department for Aborigine-affaires is founded. The efficiency of this
institution is a permanent matter of dispute. Billions were put into medical
care, for example to reduce the dramatically high infant-deathrate.
Embezzlement and poor book-keeping are common problems, when the financial
means are distributed to Aborigine-projects.
1980 Racial segregation in schools and certain areas are abolited bit by bit.
1993 The "Mabo-law puts an end to the legal position of "Terra Nullius".
The Aborigines receive the right of "native titles", the reclaiming of
their own land, on the condition that they can prove a permanent, constant
relation over centuries. Aborigine-tribes have claimed almost 40% of the
Australian territory. The former users can stay, but have to give the
Aborigines transit-rights, the right to hunt wild animals and carrieing
out of religious actions(see: Wik-laws of 1998).
1996 The new liberal-conservative government of Australia decided to cut
back the means for the umbrella-organization of Aborigines(ATSIC)
drastically. Prominent civil rights-campaigners estimate that about 2000
institutions for Aborigines have to close down and therefor call it
1998 The "Wik-law" reduces the demands of the Aborigines: land-rights to
areas, that were given to farmers or mining-companies on lease by the
state, cannot be claimed. Only financial compensation can be claimed,
which shall be financed out of public funds and will cost several billion
1999 A preambel to the constitution, that recognizes the Aborigines as the
first population of Australia, was turned down.
Unfortunately the past has not been overcome. It is still a fact, that
Australia is the only Commonwealth-Country and one of the very few
countries in the world, that has no agreement with their native population
and thereby recognizes them in their constitution.
Furthermore Australia is the first western country with
a democratic constitution that was asked by the United Nations Committee
on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination to explain the nature of its
politics towards Aborigines.
Poll results showed, that 62% of the australian people think that an
official apology to the indigenuous population by the government is not
When it seems on the surface as if the government would support the
integration of Aborigines, the profit-seeking still dominates, which is
incompatible with thew fundamental right of the Aborigines to justice,
equality and human dignity.
artalfa is of the opinion, that it is time to give this madness, which has
been lasting for 200 years, a name. By this, we at least avoid that what
has happened remains unspoken as if it had never happened :
(Microsoft, Encarta 2001)
Menschen demonstrieren für die australische Gesellschaft“
(Linda Tenebaum, wsws);
Wettkampf“ (Colin Tatz,
Verbrechen gegen die Ureinwohner Australiens“
(Brett Stone, wsws);
Rathgeber, GfbV- Deutschland);
Rates zur Versöhnung mit den Aborigines“
Katharina Lorenz, GfbV – Deutschland)
(Antonella Romeo, Weltwoche)
in Australien“ (GfbV–index)